San Diego (City)
San Diego, incorporated in 1872, is the county seat of San Diego County. It is the second most populous city in California and the eighth most populous city in the United States. The economy of San Diego is driven to a great extent by the military and defense industries, as well as tourism and international trade.
Communities and neighborhoods in San Diego include:
- Mission Beach
- Mission Valley
- Normal Heights
- Old Town
- Pacific Beach
- Point Loma
- Point Loma Heights
- Rancho Bernardo
- Rancho Encantada
- Rancho Penasquitos
- San Ysidro
- Torry Pines
Downtown San Diego is the financial center and central business district of San Diego as well as the cultural center of the city. It is home to the San Diego Symphony, several theaters and museums, and the San Diego Opera. The San Diego Convention Center and Petco Park, home of the San Diego Padres, are also located in Downtown San Diego. Most of the major city, county, state, and federal government offices are located in downtown.
San Diego is home to the world famous San Diego Zoo located in Balboa Park. The 100 acre zoo is the most visited zoo in the United States and is home to more than 4000 animals and 650 species and subspecies.
Point Lorna is a peninsula and seaside community located within the city of San Diego bordered on the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, on the east by San Diego Bay and Old Town, and on the north by the San Diego River. Point Lorna is historically significant as being the landing location of the first European expedition to land in California. In 1542, Portuguese navigator Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo led an expedition exploring the area for the Spanish Crown.
Old Town San Diego
Old Town is a neighborhood in San Diego consisting of 230 acres. It is the oldest settled area in San Diego and is the site of the first European settlement in California. It contains Old Town San Diego State Historic Park and Presidio Park, both of which are included on the National Register of Historic Places. Old Town has nine hotels, more than thirty restaurants, and over one hundred specialty shops, making it a major tourist attraction.
Old Town San Diego State Historic Park
Old Town San Diego State Historic Park, established in 1968, is a state protected historical park that commemorates the early days of San Diego and includes numerous historic buildings from the period 1815 to 1875. The park is registered as a California Historical Landmark and is one of the most visited state parks in California.
Presidio Park is a 40 acre historic park on a hill in Old Town San Diego and the site of where the San Diego Presidio and San Diego Mission, the first European settlements in California, were founded in 1769. The presidio was established to protect against Indian attacks or foreign invasions. Nothing remains on the site today except for a few foundations and walls. There are excellent views of San Diego and the Pacific Ocean from the top of the hill.
Mission Valley has been divided into Mission Valley East and Mission Valley West by the city of San Diego for planning purposes, Mission Valley is a wide river valley in which the San Diego River flows to the Pacific Ocean. The valley was the site of the first Spanish settlement in California established in 1769. Today, Mission Valley is an entertainment center where many condominiums and planned developments are located. Mission Valley is located to the northeast of Old Town San Diego and north of Downtown San Diego.
San Diego International Airport
San Diego International Airport, formerly San Diego Municipal Airport - Lindbergh Field, is a 663-acre public international airport located in San Diego three miles northwest of downtown. The airport is the busiest single runway airport in the United States serving all of San Diego County as well as neighboring Imperial County. Annual aircraft operations currently exceed 215,000.
San Diego Bay
San Diego Bay is a national harbor and deepwater port in San Diego County. The bay is twelve miles long and varies between one and three miles wide. The bay borders San Diego, Chula Vista, National City, Imperial Beach, and Coronado, and is the third largest bay in California behind San Francisco Bay and Humbolt Bay. The Port of San Diego is located within the bay and the bay is spanned by the San Diego - Coronado Bridge.
Naval Base San Diego
Naval Base San Diego, established in 1922, is the second largest surface ship base of the United States Navy and is one of the largest employers in San Diego and the County of San Diego with more than 26,000 military personnel and over 11,000 civilian employees. Naval Base San Diego is the principal homeport of the Pacific Fleet, consisting of more than 55 ships and 150 commands. The base consists of 13 piers, 16,000 acres of land, and 326 acres of water.
Port of San Diego
The Port of San Diego is a large seaport on San Diego Bay, located in the city of San Diego in San Diego County. The port is governed by a seven-member Board of Port Commissioners. One commissioner is appointed by the city councils of Colorado, Chula Vista, National City, and Imperial beach. Three commissioners are appointed by the San Diego City council. The Port of San Diego is the primary port of entry for Honda, Nissan, Mitsubishi, Acura, Fiat, Volkswagen, Dole Food, and many other large corporations.
San Diego River
The San Diego River is a 52-mile-long river located in San Diego County that originates in the Cuyamaca Mountains northwest of Julian. It then flows southwest to EI Capitan Reservoir. Below EI Capitan Dam, the river runs west through Santee and San Diego, through Mission Hills Regional Park, and then into Mission Bay.
Mission Bay is a 2000-acre man-made bay in San Diego located just south of Pacific Beach. The bay is part of 4,235-acre Mission Bay Park which is the largest man-made aquatic park in the United States. The Southern California park is approximately 46% land and 54% saltwater. Mission Bay Yacht Club conducts sailing races throughout the year both in the bay and adjacent Pacific Ocean. Mission Bay has 27 miles of shoreline which includes 19 miles of beautiful sandy beaches with eight designated as swimming areas. Other major attractions include SeaWorld San Diego and Belmont Park which is known for its giant roller coaster and other rides and amusements. Mission Bay is a major tourist attraction.
Balboa Park, established in 1835, is a 1,200-acre historic park in San Diego. The park is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and has been declared a National Historic Landmark District. Balboa Park features several beautiful gardens; numerous museums, including special events; and the world-famous San Diego Zoo. More than four million people from all over the world visit the park each year.
San Diego Air & Space Museum
San Diego Air & Space Museum, established in 1961 and formerly known as the San Diego Aerospace Museum, is located in Balboa Park. The museum, which is open-to the public, contains numerous historic aircraft and spacecraft including: (1) Apollo 9 command module, (2) Spirit of St Louis replica, (3) 1902 Wright Glider replica, (4) P-51D Mustang, (5) F-86 Sabre (6) Mitsubishi Zero, (7) Grumman F-14 Tomcat, and (8) PBY Catalina. The museum also contains an extensive collection of historic photographs.
San Diego Zoo
The world-famous San Diego Zoo, established in 1916, is a 100-acre zoo in Balboa Park in San Diego. The zoo houses more than 4,000 animals and over 650 species in mostly open-air, cageless exhibits that create natural habitats. More than four million people from all over the world visit the zoo each year. It is the most visited zoo in the United States.
San Diego History Center
The San Diego History Center, formerly the San Diego Historical Society, founded in 1920, is one of several museums located in Balboa Park. The museum showcases the history of San Diego holding over 45 million documents, including an extensive photo collection. The museum became an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution in 2013.
USS. Midway Museum
USS. Midway Museum is a historical naval aircraft carrier that has been converted into a magnificent maritime museum in Downtown San Diego. The USS. Midway served from 1945 to 1992. The museum hosts over 800 events each year and has nearly 26,000 members. Thousands of people visit the popular museum each year.
Star of India Museum Ship
The Star of India, built in England in 1863, is an iron-hulled sailing ship that has been converted into a museum. She is the oldest sailing ship still sailing and the oldest ironhulled merchant ship still afloat. The magnificent ship is part of the Maritime Museum of San Diego. It is located at the Port of San Diego just west of Downtown San Diego and just south of the San Diego International Airport. The ship is 62.5 feet long and has been designated as a National Historic Landmark and a California Historical Landmark.
Asian Pacific Thematic Historic District
The Asian Pacific Thematic Historic District, San Diego's historic Chinatown, is adjacent to and overlapping with the Gaslamp Quarter Historic District. The area has 22 buildings of historic importance dating from 1883 to 1930.
Villa Montezuma, constructed in 1887, is a beautiful Queen Anne style mansion in the Sherman Heights neighborhood of San Diego. The property, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, is now utilized as a museum and cultural center. The museum is open from time to time to visitors.
Los Penasquitos Canyon Preserve
Los Penasquitos Canyon Preserve is a large urban park consisting of more than 4,000 acres within the City of San Diego. It is one of the largest urban parks in the United States. The preserve is jointly owned and administered by the city and the County of San Diego. The seven-mile-Iong park is home to the Historic Santa Maria de Los Penasquitos, an adobe home built in approximately 1820-21. Tours of the home are available. Wildlife in the preserve includes bobcats, deer, coyotes, and mountain lions.
Mission Trails Regional Park
Mission Trails Regional Park, established in 1924, is a 7,220-acre open space preserve in the city of San Diego. It is the largest, city owned park in California and the sixth largest in the United States. The highest point in the park is Cowles Mountain which rises to 1,592 feet. The park offers extensive hiking and equestrian trails, 46 campsites, and Lake Murray which is stocked with bass and trout.
University of California, San Diego
The University of California, San Diego, also referred to as UC San Diego and UCSD, established in 1960, is a public research university in La Jolla which is a seaside community within the city of San Diego. UCSD consists of twelve undergraduate and professional schools and seven undergraduate residential colleges. The university occupies 2,178 acres and has more than 50,000 students enrolled. UC San Diego is ranked among the best universities in the world by all standards.
San Diego State University
San Diego State University (SDSU), established in San Diego in 1897, is the third oldest university in the 23 member California State University (CSU) system. Enrollment now exceeds 37,000. SDSU operates a branch campus, the Imperial Valley Campus (IVC) in Calexico and a smaller branch campus in Brawley which is also in neighboring Imperial County. The university awards 190 bachelor's degrees, 91 master's degrees, 30 doctoral degrees, and 26 teaching credentials. Several of the buildings on the main campus are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
University of San Diego
The University of San Diego (USD), established in 1949 in San Diego, is a Roman Catholic research university with an enrollment approaching 10,000. Even though USD is a Catholic University, it is no longer governed directly by the Diocese of San Diego. A lay board of trustees currently governs the operations of the university. USD offers 89 undergraduate and graduate programs which includes a paralegal school, an accredited law school, a school of business, and a school of engineering.
Southwestern College is a two-year, accredited community college in San Diego County. Locations are in Chula Vista, National City, Otay Mesa, and San Ysidro. Earned college credits are transferable to the University of California and all of the California State Universities. Southwestern College offers the Associate of Arts degree, the Associate of Science degree, and numerous certificate programs.
San Diego Mesa College
San Diego Mesa College, established in 1963, is a 104-acre public community college located in the Claremont Mesa community in San Diego. The college, also known as Mesa College, is the largest community college in San Diego and the 16th largest in California. Mesa College is one of only ten community colleges in California to offer four-year Bachelor's degrees. It also offers the Associate of Arts degree and the Associate of Science degree. Enrollment currently exceeds 24,000 students.
National University, headquartered in San Diego and founded in Los Angeles County in 1971, is the second largest private non-profit university in California and one of the largest in the United States. The institution has 20 campuses including locations in Oxnard and Los Angeles. National University is organized into five schools: the College of Letters and Sciences; the School of Business and Management; the School of Education; the School of Health and Human Services; and the School of Engineering, Technology, and Media. Enrollment now exceeds 40,000 students.
Lake Hodges is a 1,234-acre lake and reservoir located in San Diego about 31 miles north of Downtown San Diego, just north of Rancho Bernardo and immediately south of the border with Escondido. The beautiful lake has 27 miles of shoreline and is about 115 feet deep. Fishing is permitted for nine months of the year. Windsurfing and kayaking are permitted throughout the year.
Miramar Lake, also known as Miramar Reservoir, is a 182-acre reservoir located in the Scripps Miramar Ranch community of San Diego. The reservoir was completed in 1960. Its main source of water is the Colorado River Aqueduct. Recreational activities include boating and fishing. There are also abundant picnic areas and a walking trail that surrounds the lake.
San Diego HOA Management